Cocktail Mixed Drink Ingredients Collections

Cocktail Mixed Drink Ingredients

Deciding on the ideal cocktail to serve at parties and events can be tricky. However, it is even trickier choosing the best mixed ingredients to add to your cocktail. There are several cocktail mixed drink ingredients collections that can add the desired flavor in your cocktail. The choice on what to choose depends on the preferred taste in your cocktail drinks.

In this post, we are reviewing for you the best cocktail mixed drink ingredients. You can add these mixed ingredients to the blender when blending your ice and fruits to add the desired taste in your cocktail.

falernum

falernum

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for a flavored sugar syrup, non-or-lightly alcoholic (5 to 11%), used almost exclusively in rum-based tropical drinks. Thick, transluscent and straw-colored, it has a subtle sweet/tart/spicy character.

There is some question as to when it was created - some sources suggesting as long ago as the 1700s, others pinpointing it in the 1890s or 1930s.

Two companies have asserted themselves to be successors to the inventor of falernum. Velvet Falernum, produced by R.L. Seale, Ltd. said to have been invented by John D. Taylor in 1890, and Stansfeld-Scott, Inc., successors to A.V. Stansfeld in said to have been invented by A.V. Stansfeld in 1935. A Bajan brand, Stansfeld Falernum is no longer produced.

No independent corroboration has yet been established for either claim. The Velvet Falernum bottle shows a depiction of a gold medal said to have been won in 1923 at a Bajan agricultural exhibition.

There too, the depiction is generic and no specific information has been presented regarding the exhibition. Even its general citation is vague. That said, the 45 year earlier claim is persuasive.

Our research has turned up no written reference previous to the 1930s. While the product may be proprietary insofar as ownership of the Falernum name in certain geographic regions is concerned, multiple companies produce it in its native Barbados, Bermuda, and in the United States.

Examples are John D. Taylor's Velvet Falernum (Barbados,) Hanschell Innis Falernum (Barbados,) Gosling's Falernum (Bermuda,) Da Vinci Caribbean Falernum (United States,) and Fee Brothers West Indies Style Falernum (United States.)

Flavor - almond, vanilla, lime, allspice, clove and ginger

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Barbados, Bermuda and United States. Known to be distributed in parts of North America and Caribbean. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Though there are several brands, there is no other commercial substitute of falernum's flavor characteristics. Combine orgeat syrup with vanilla. allspice, clove, ginger, Angostura bitters & lime juice to approximate it.

Cherry Kijafa

cherry Kijafa

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Proprietary Danish fortified cherry-based wine of some note. (Caveat emptor: other Kijafa products have been introduced with other flavorings.)

Flavor - cherry and wine

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Denmark. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Amer Picon

Amer Picon

Type - Bitters

Also known as - Picon

Description - Proprietary French bitter-sweet spirit-based aperitif beverage bitters with slight orange character. Notable in the Basque drink, Picon Punch, which is considered one of the finest examples of a highball beverage.

Unfortunately, from the 1970s to present, the House of Picon has lowered the proof of their product repeatedly, creating a situation where traditional recipes calling for it (such as the Picon Punch which was created with the original 78 proof product in mind) did not taste the same. Picon's current iteration has an alcohol content of less than half of the original product.

Flavor - bitter, herbal and orange

Availability - Rare. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other aperitif bitters/domestic imitations in some markets. Example: Torani amer

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Pimento Dram

Pimento Dram

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - Pimiento Dram, Pimento Liqueur

Description - Generic for rum-based spicy pimiento berry-flavored liqueur of the Caribbean. The pimento or pimiento is the berry from which the spice allspice is derived.

English explorers coined the term allspice because the berry seemed to encapsulate the flavors of cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove all at once.

How this might relate to the flavorless, red, wadded-up thing stuffed in some cocktail olives, we would be hard-put to explain.

The only currently produced brand appears to be Wray & Nephew Pimento Liqueur. Unfortunately, importation and marketing of this product ceased in the United States in the 1980s. Highly recommended.

Flavor - allspice

Availability - Rare. Produced and sold in Jamaica.

Old Tom Gin

old-tom-gin

Type - Neutral spirits

Also known as - Tom gin

Description - Generic for slightly sweetened column still-produced gin of a very early variety; the "missing link" between Dutch genever or "Hollands" gin and the newly-developed London Dry Gin type.

Flavor - juniper

Availability - Rare. Produced and sold in England and United States. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported.

Substitute - sweetened Tanqueray Malacca gin

Lillet Blanc

Lillet Blanc

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - Kina Lillet, white Lillet

Description - Proprietary and revered French quinquina in less-sweet (blanc) and sweet (rouge) varieties.

Note that a recipe that specifies "Lillet" without also specifying "rouge" or "sweet" always intends Lillet Blanc which, for many years was their sole version.

Perhaps attempting to enter Dubonnet's market, they produced a red Lillet which has never sold as well, either in America or abroad.

Flavor - wine, herbal and orange

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France.

Substitute - blonde Dubonnet or other white wine-based quinquina

Cointreau

Cointreau

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Proprietary highly refined French brandy-based Curaçao orange liqueur upon which the generic triple sec is based. The company, in fact, coined the term to describe their product.

They later dropped the term from their label when hosts of imitators deluged the market with lower quality generic products in similar bottles and the term "triple sec" in a font like that of Cointreau. An indispensible cocktail constituent.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - triple sec

Hadacol

Hadacol

Type - Chemical additives

Description - Defunct proprietary vitamin supplement "tonic" with a more-than-moderate alcohol content from Louisiana - used rarely in beverages, but an example of which is the Tassel Cocktail, served in at least one New Orleans French Quarter bar during the 1940s and 1950s.

Flavor - herbal and medicinal

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in United States.

Substitute - aperitif bitters

Crème De Violette

crème de violette

Type - Liqueurs, flower-flavored

Also known as - creme de violet, liqueur de violette, violet liqueur

Description - Generic for a usually-French liqueur with natural and/or artificial violet flower flavoring and coloring with either a brandy base, a neutral spirit base, or a combination of the two.

Nowadays known almost exclusively as *liqueur* de violette. A noted brand is Benoit Serres Liqueur de Violette, though it remains very difficult to find -- even in France.

The Benoit product has a neutral spirit base to which is added a smaller portion of Armagnac.
Flavor - violet petals

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - parfait amour (imperfect substitute)

Angostura Bitters

Angostura bitters

Type - Bitters

Also known as - Angostura

Description - Proprietary concentrated bitter tincture of herbs, spices, & spirits from Trinidad produced since 1824. Most popular aromatic bitters ever known. Indispensable in cocktails calling for it.

Flavor - bitter, herbal and spicy

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Trinidad. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Peychaud bitters (imperfect substitute), other aromatic bitters (imperfect substitute)

Orange Bitters

orange bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Generic for concentrated bitter tincture of orange peel, spices, herbs, and spirits. Example: Fee Bros. Orange Bitters

Flavor - bitter and orange

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States and England. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe.

Substitute - orange peel macerated in Angostura

Maraschino Liqueur

maraschino liqueur

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Also known as - Marasquin

Description - Generic for clear liqueur with a neutral spirit base, flavored with crushed Dalmation Marasca cherries & the pits, stems & seeds deriving therefrom.

A truly classic cocktail liqueur noted for its fresh flavor. A component in the La Floridita Daiquiri and the Aviation Cocktail.

Flavor - cherry and grain

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Italy and Eastern Europe. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional.

Substitute - other cherry liqueur (imperfect substitute)

Grenadine

grenadine

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - pomegranate syrup

Description - Generic for red or purple syrup sweetener & colorant made from pomegranate juice and/or artificial flavorings.

Usually non-alcoholic. Brands containing real pomegranate are most desirable. Two such are Angostura, and Fee Bros. American Beauty.

The word "grenadine" is French diminutive for "pomegranate."

Flavor - cherry and sweet

Availability - Generally available. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - red currant syrup, raspberry syrup

Ice

ice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic ice as used in mixed drinks is specified in several forms: cube, crushed, cracked, lump, shaved, or snow. Lump & cracked are essentially the same and a SMALL cube would substitute.

Cube indicates a larger cube such as found at home. Shaved and snow are essentially the same. Crushed is a coarser, less broken-up version of shaved and is also the same as "fine ice".

Dry ice is frozen carbon dioxide - and is occasionally used in drinks for its bubbling, vaporous effect.

Flavor - flavorless

Availability - Generally available.

Batavia Arak

Batavia Arak

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Generic for distilled Indonesian spirit of sugarcane & fermented Javanese rice - the basis for Swedish Punsch. Originally produced at Batavia (modern day Jakarta) in the Dutch Colonies of Indonesia. Uncommon but excellent in cocktails.

Flavor - rum, smokey and sharp

Availability - Rare. Produced and sold in Netherlands. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe and Caribbean. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Harvey's Bristol Cream

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - Cream Sherry, Harvey's, Sweet sherry, Bristol Cream

Description - Proprietary sweet Spanish Oloroso sherry

Flavor - wine and nuts

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Spain.

Substitute - other sweet cocktail Sherry

Gin

gin

Type - Neutral spirits

Description - Generic for neutral grain spirit infused with botanical flavorings during or after the distillation process. The manner of distillation is key to what type of gin is produced. Varieties of gin include genever, Old Tom, and London Dry. Generally, when the term "gin" stands alone, London Dry Gin is what is meant.

Flavor - juniper, herbal and floral

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - vodka, schnapps, other neutral spirit

Schweppes Bitter Lemon

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Proprietary tart sparkling lemon mixer/soft drink from England, created in 1957 by Cadbury Schweppes. Of limited availability, but highly prized in mixed drinks.

Flavor - lemon and sour

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in England. Regional. Rarely exported.

Cherry Heering

Cherry Heering

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Also known as - Peter Heering, Heering

Description - Proprietary Danish cherry liqueur with brandy base produced since 1818 under various names such as "Heering," "Peter Heering," and "Cherry Heering." Highly valued in cocktails; considered the best of the dark cherry liqueurs.

Flavor - cherry

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Denmark. Distributed world-wide. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other cherry-flavored brandy, other cherry liqueur

Anis del Mono

Anis del Mono

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Proprietary Catalan anise-flavored liqueur in sweet (dulce) & less sweet (seco) varieties. Considered, along with Marie Brizard anisette, to be the finest of the type.

Flavor - anise

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Spain. Known to be distributed in Spain and parts of Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional.

Substitute - anisette

Pastis

pastis

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Generic for lightly-sweetened anis-flavored absinthe substitutes, traditionally French and with a method of production like that of Ricard, the brand that coined the term. Currently a general term for sweet/bitter spirits envisioned as substitutes for absinthe, (minus the wormwood) but with similar character. Not to be confused with other anis-flavored liqueurs like anisette. Brands include Absente, Herbsaint, Pernod, and Ricard.

Flavor - anise

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France.

Substitute - ouzo or other anis-flavored liqueur.

Orgeat

orgeat

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic syrup of almonds, orange flower water and sometimes barley water often used in tropical and other cocktails. Now always nonalcoholic, it was once made with a small quantity of brandy. Clear to milky golden in color. Many brands are produced. Notable is the French Garnier orgeat.

Flavor - almond, citrus and marzipan

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France and United States. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe.

Substitute - other almond syrup

Peach Bitters

peach bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Generic concentrated bitter tincture of peach pits, spices, and spirits.

Extinct after Prohibition until revived in the mid-1990s, as the result of a conversation between John Fee & Ted Haigh, by Fee Bros.

Flavor - peach

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Rarely exported. Regional.

Malort

Malort

Type - Bitters

Description - Generic for bitter-sweet spirit produced at one time by several companies, now apparently only by one: Jeppson, formerly in Chicago, now in Florida.

Malort is flavored by a European herb called the malort plant, a Swedish term meaning Artemisia Absinthium - or grand wormwood ina base of neutral spirits.

Originally a product favored in Chicago's central and eastern European ethnic neighborhoods, it has been adopted enthusiastically by bikers and is a mainstay at biker bars.

Flavor - dill, bitter and wormwood

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in United States and around the world. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Other aperitif bitters

Green Chartreuse

Green Chartreuse

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - Liqueur Verde

Description - Proprietary potent classic French high proof multi-herbal monastic liqueur of the green variety. Only three Carthusian monks know the formula of 130 herbs and flowers for the 110 proof Chartreuse at any given time.

It is still produced today (now in Voiron) on monastery property as it has been since 1764. It was spawned by the more concentrated and intense Elixir Vegetal, and has itself since spawned a yellow variety (in 1838). Called for in many cocktails, notably the Widow's Kiss.

Flavor - herbal and spice

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.
Substitute - Yellow Chartreuse, other multi-herbal liqueur (imperfect substitute)

Dry Vermouth

dry vermouth

Type  - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - French vermouth, white vermouth, blanc vermouth

Description - Generic for French or French-style dry fortified wine and herb aperitif, straw-colored-transparent. The first use of vermouth in cocktails coincided with its first importation into the United States in the 1870s. Sweet (red) (Italian) vermouth was imported first, then dry (white) (French) vermouth.

Flavor - wine and herbs

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France and Italy.

Substitute - other like-colored aperitif wines.

Applejack

applejack

Type - Brandy, aged

Also known as - apple jack

Description - Generic for the first New World-native distilled spirit, first produced in the 17th century by English or European settlers in America.

Currently it is often (but not always) blended with neutral spirits. Sometimes a bit of sweet apple wine is added to increase the depth and apple flavor of the bottled product.

Excellent in cocktails. Brand example: Laird's Applejack

Flavor - whiskey and apple

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in parts of North America. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - apple brandy

Calvados

Calvados

Type - Brandy, aged

Description - Generic for French apple brandy with an Armagnac character and highly regulated production/aging methods from the Calvados/Normandy region.

Calvados is invariably aged in limousin oak casks, but is surprisingly excellent directly from still to bottle. It is the most respected apple brandy in the world, much as Cognac and Armagnac are the pinnacles of the grape brandy form. Like Cognac, Calvados is normally consumed from a snifter, but nothing short of excellent in cocktails.

Flavor - Armagnac and apple

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other apple brandy

Dubonnet

Dubonnet

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - red Dubonnet

Description - Proprietary French quinquina in sweet (red) and less-sweet (blonde) varieties. Unquestionably, the most famous quinquina made. Called for in a variety of cocktails, one of them named for it: the Dubonnet Cocktail (which, for a time, Dubonnet also produced in a bottled form. Notable in the Blackthorn Cocktail.

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France.

Substitute - the matching style of Lillet or other quinquina

Triple Sec

triple-sec

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for neutral spirit-based refined colorless orange-flavored liqueur imitative of Cointreau. 19th century bar guides often used the term "white Curacao" to refer to it.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Cointreau, Controy

Swedish Punch/Punsch

Swedish Punch/Punsch

Type - Liqueurs, spirit-flavored

Also known as - Caloric Punch, Caloric Punsch, Arak Punch, Arrack Punch, Arak Punsch, Arrack Punsch

Description - Generic for a type of smoky Scandinavian liqueur, Batavia Arak/Arrack-based & flavored. Batavia Arak is a distillate of fermented sugar cane juice and fermented Javanese rice - which creates a sharp smoky rummy spirit.

Swedish Punsch (or Punch) sweetens this with cane sugar to produce an unforgettable liqueur. Notable brands are Cederlund's Carlshamn's and Gronstedt. Like a dark smoky rum and when added to other lesser rums tends to enhance their value in an estimable way.

Flavor - rum, smokey and sweet

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Sweden. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other rum flavored liqueur

Vodka

vodka

Type - Neutral spirits

Description - Neutral spirit, diluted and filtered through charcoal. Dependent on the nature of the distillate, the temperature & number of distillations, the nature of the diluting water, and the number of filtrations for any particular brand's given character.

Vodka can be made from many bases: grain, potato, beet, cane, or rice. "Vodka" is diminutive for "voda," the word for water in Russian.

Vodka was traditionally unflavored (other than the flavor of the alcohol itself) and infusions of flavoring ingredients garnered the spirit a different name, depending upon the ingredient(s) added. In current-day parlance, flavored renditions are all considered subsets of vodka, so-named. 

Vodka was historically traditional mainly to Russia, Poland, and Latvia.

Flavor - alcohol

Availability - Generally available. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Lemon Juice

lemon juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic fresh or frozen juice of the lemon fruit. The most ubiquitous fruit used in the entire pantheon of mixed drinks.

Note that limon in Spanish can mean either lemon (limon) OR lime (limon verde), so choice should be on the basis of the suffix, or base spirit if there is any question.

Flavor - lemon

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - lime juice

Lime Juice

lime juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic fresh or frozen juice of the lime fruit. Most common in rum & tequila drinks, also well-loved with gin & vodka, and used in everything.

Note that limon in Spanish can mean either lime OR lemon, so choice should be on the basis of the base spirit if there is any question.

Flavor - lime

Availability - Generally available.

Peychaud Bitters

Peychaud bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Proprietary Louisiana brand of anis-charactered aromatic bitters introduced by Haitian immigrant, Antoine Amedee Peychaud. Produced since the early 19th century, currently by The Sazerac Company, which can trace its linage to one of the first venues to serve these bitters - in the drink for which they were created.

They remain notable & essential in the Sazerac cocktail, as originally prepared with brandy, and in later years with rye whiskey.

Flavor - bitter, herbal, spicy, cherry and anise

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - Angostura bitters (imperfect substitute), other aromatic bitters (imperfect substitute)

Brandy

brandy

Type - Brandy, aged

Description - Generic for distilled spirits made from fruit, including both aged products like Cognac, Armagnac, and Metaxa (grapes), Calvados and applejack (apples), and unaged products like framboise eau de vie, grappa, kirsch, parack palinka, and slivovitz.

In common parlance, used without other descriptors, it refers to aged grape brandy in the Cognac style.

Flavor - brandy

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Cognac, Armagnac, other aged grape brandy

Groseille Syrup

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - red currant syrup

Description - Generic for red-purple syrup sweetener & colorant made from red currants and/or artificial flavorings. Can be made at home using this recipe: Express the juice of small red currants, reds. Per quart of juice obtained, add 2 quarts of water and 3-1/2 lbs. of sugar.

Dissolve sugar in water before adding the juice. Leave standing for several days. Filter or clarify and bottle. Along with raspberry syrup, often used as a substitute for grenadine, as well as frequently in its own right in drinks, mainly in England & Europe previous to 1950.

Flavor - cherry, berry and mild

Availability - Rare. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - grenadine

Abbott's Bitters

Abbott's bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Defunct proprietary Baltimore aromatic bitters made by C.W. Abbott company until circa 1950. One of the three most important aromatic bitters brands of the twentieth century, the other two being Angostura and Peychaud.

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in United States. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - other aromatic bitters

Controy

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Proprietary Mexican orange liqueur based on Cointreau, but sweeter and less refined.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Mexico. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - triple sec, Cointreau, orange curacao

Curaçao

Curaçao

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for orange liqueur made in various colors but similar in flavor to one another, in neutral spirit base. (Any specified color, such as "Blue Curaçao", merely denotes the addition of food coloring for visual effect.) Quality varies widely between domestic and imported varieties. Noted brands are Bardinet and Marie Brizard.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other orange liqueur

Forbidden Fruit

Forbidden Fruit

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Defunct proprietary American brandy-based shaddock (pummelo) liqueur, light amber & sweetened with honey, created by Louis Bustanoby and once manufactured by Charles Jacquin et Cie.

Beware, the final incarnation of this liqueur which was produced was with an entirely different base, flavor, and formula. The difference between the two types can be told by the type of bottle the liqueur appears in.

The original version was in an orb of the type Chambord appears in today, the latter version, in a generic Jacquin bottle. The former had a light pleasant honey/citrus character, the latter is more reminiscent of pancake syrup. The earlier formulation was once highly regarded, in its own right and as a cocktail constituent.

Flavor - citrus, brandy and honey

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in United States. No longer manufactured.

Substitute - Some books of homemade liqueur recipes attempt to imitate this product. None are particularly successful, though it probably could be done.

Parfait Amour

parfait amour

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - parfait d'amour

Description - Generic for once-popular 19th century liqueur of spices, vanilla, orange, and flowers. Once again somewhat more available than previously, thanks to the distribution efforts of Marie Brizard whom we believe to be the sole current manufacturer of this product in the U.S. since Bols suspended production here. Notable in the Jupiter Cocktail.

Flavor - vanilla, citrus, marshmallow, jellybean and spices

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in France and Netherlands. Export and/or distribution unreliable.

Aromatic Bitters

aromatic bitters

Type - Bitters

Also known as - Bitters

Description - Generic for concentrated bitter tincture of herbs, spices, fruit, and spirits. Deemed too bitter to be consumed by themselves, they are normally applied to any beverage in dashes or small fractions of an ounce or mililiter.

Though containing alcohol up to 80 proof, manufacture was allowed without restriction even during Prohibition, because the bitterness was such that the Internal Revenue Service, who administered compliance with the National Prohibition Act, termed it "non-potable alcohol" ie, too bitter to consume straight.

Flavor - bitter, herbal, spicy, cinnamon, clove and anise

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Brand examples are Angostura bitters, Peychaud bitters, and Fee's aromatic bitters

London Dry Gin

London dry gin

Type - Neutral spirits

Also known as - dry gin

Description - Generic for column still distillate of grain with juniper and other botanicals. Almost all gins in cocktails are London dry gin.

Flavor - juniper

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in England. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other dry gin

Cognac

Cognac

Type - Brandy, aged

Description - Generic for a specific regional aged dry grape brandy from the Cognac region of France with mandated grape, distillation, and aging requirements that define it from other brandies. Very popular (and excellent) in cocktails, especially older ones, and in all levels of quality and age.

Flavor - brandy

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other (drier) aged brandy

Van Der Hum

Van der Hum

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description  - Proprietary South African liqueur flavored with naartjes, the variety of tangerine native to South Africa.

Flavor - tangerine and orange

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in South Africa. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe, North America and Africa. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other tangerine liqueur

Unicum

Unicum

Type - Bitters

Description - Proprietary Czech spirit-based aperitif/digestif bitters said to have been formulated by the court physician to the Emperor of Austria Hungary, in the late 18th Century.

Flavor - herbal, medicinal and bitter

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Hungary. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other aperitif/digestif bitters

Rock & Rye

rock & rye

Type - Liqueurs, spirit-flavored

Description - Generic for liqueur, traditionally with a rye whiskey base and infused horehound & fruit flavoring, often with macerated fruit in bottle's bottom.

Flavor - fruit, horehound and rye

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Rarely exported. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Southern Comfort, Jeremiah Weed

Kummel

kummel

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - kimmel, kümmel

Description - Generic for grain-neutral-spirit-based caraway-flavored liqueur from Northern Europe. Best-known brand example: Gilka Kummel.

Flavor - caraway and sweet

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Scandinavia. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe.

Substitute - domestic imitations in some markets

Genever Gin

genever gin

Type - Neutral spirits

Also known as - Hollands gin, Geneva gin, Schiedam schnapps

Description - Generic for Dutch/German aromatic pot still distillate of fermented juniper berries, grain, & other botanicals in wood-aged and unaged varieties.

Quite a bit more character than common London dry gin.

Flavor - juniper

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Netherlands. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe, North America and Oceania.

Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other gin

Campari

Campari

Type - Bitters

Also known as - Campari bitters, bitter Campari

Description - Proprietary celebrated bittersweet Italian beverage/aperitif bitters produced since 1860, by the company bearing its name, of herbs and fruit in a neutral spirit base. Noted for its use in the NEGRONI Cocktail among others.

Flavor - herbal

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other aperitif/digestif bitters

Orange Juice

orange juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for fresh squeezed or frozen orange juice used commonly in mixed drinks.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Generally available.

Rose's Lime Juice

Rose's Lime Juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - Lime cordial, lime syrup, Rose's, Rose's lime cordial

Description - Proprietary nonalcoholic sweet syrup flavored with lime juice or extract and/or artificial flavorings.

Flavor - candied lime

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in England.

Substitute - other lime syrup

Sugar

sugar

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic refined crystalline product of sugar cane which is the sweetening of choice in the majority of mixed drinks.

Sugar has come in many forms and have been applied to drinks accordingly: Bar sugar is a far more finely-ground white processed sugar, more like a powder than table sugar.

Sugar cubes are simply highly-compressed cubes of table sugar. Loaf sugar is the less-dense historic precursor to bulk sugar, coming in large & small cones weighing from 25 to 60 lbs., chunks being broken or shaved off as needed.

Sugar lumps or chunks are merely irregularly-shaped nuggets of sugar, about the size and density of sugar cubes. Sugar is used as a garnish (as on a sugared glass rim) as well as a sweetener.

Flavor - sweet

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other sweetening agent

Rye Whiskey

rye whiskey

Type - Whiskies

Description - Generic for single-malt whiskey distilled from predominately rye mash combined with a lesser quantity of corn mash. Mainly refers to American whiskey, but is also a term used by Canadian distillers (in which case, unless specifically noted otherwise, really denotes a blended whiskey).

In the main, rye is quite like Bourbon but, with a few exceptions, is drier (not as sweet) tasting. Historically, rye was produced mostly in Pennsylvania and aged in warehouses along the Monongahela River, though currently it is made along side the more popular Bourbon in the places Bourbon is produced.

"Straight rye whiskey" in the United States means whiskey produced from a mash of at least 51% rye grains, distilled below 160 proof, aged at least two years in new, charred oak barrels, and diluted with nothing other than water.

Flavor - grain, tannin and oak

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in United States.

Torani Amer

Type - Bitters

Description - Proprietary bitter-sweet spirit-based aperitif beverage bitters with slight orange character.

Flavor - bitter, herbal and orange

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in parts of North America. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Amer Picon

Crème Yvette

Crème Yvette

Type - Liqueurs, flower-flavored

Also known as - Creme d'Yvette

Description - Defunct proprietary liqueur with natural and/or artificial violet flower flavoring & possibly vanilla & other spices. Once manufactured by Charles Jacquin et Cie in the United States, who purchased the brand formerly made by Sheffield Company of Connecticut.

Flavor - violet petals

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in United States.

Substitute - liqueur de violette

Pricota

Pricota

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Defunct but highly-respected proprietary brand of English apricot-flavored brandy liqueur. Produced by Humphrey Taylor & Co. of London in the late 18th and 19th centuries.

Flavor - apricot

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in England. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - other apricot-flavored brandy, other apricot liqueur, peach liqueur

Pernod

Pernod

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Proprietary French sweetened anis-flavored absinthe substitute named for the company that once produced the most popular absinthe before the French banned it in 1915.

Current-day pernod lacks the wormwood (and potent alcohol strength) that gave absinthe its singular "kick." In Europe, Pernod is again producing an absinthe though it is not imported the the United States.

Flavor - anise

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France.

Substitute - other pastis

Caperitif

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Defunct proprietary South African sweet deep golden quinquina from Capetown - along the lines of Lillet blanc.

Flavor - herbal, wine and spice

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in South Africa. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - Dubonnet (blonde), Lillet Blanc, etc.

Champagne

Champagne

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Generic for specific regional sparkling white wine from France popular since the mid 19th century in cocktails. Notable examples are the Champagne Cocktail, the Elysian Nymphs, and the French 75.

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other sparkling white wine

Quinquina

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - Kina

Description - Generic for sweetened fortified aperitif wines containing quinine (thus "quinquina") and spices. The major brands are: Byrrh, Dubonnet, Lillet, and St. Raphael.

The quinine is the bitter constituent which promotes production of digestive enzymes and, therefore, appetite.

Flavor - quinine

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Jamaica Ginger

Jamaica Ginger

Type - Chemical additives

Also known as - Extract of ginger, ginger essence

Description - Defunct generic USP grade liquid ginger compound used medicinally as an antispasmodic and in drinks as a ginger flavoring, added in dashes.

Prohibition saw Jamaica ginger abused in much larger quantities as an additive to "bathtub gin" and other crudely-distilled and foul-tasting products prepared for scofflaw drinkers.

This often led to cases of temporary semi-paralysis, known as "jake-leg", an ironic variation of the term "jack-leg", meaning the stagger around without control.

Flavor - ginger and pungent

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in United States.

Substitute - ginger extract

Port

Port

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Also known as - Porto

Description - Generic for a specific style of aged Portuguese fortified wine used mainly in dessert cocktails.

Flavor - wine, spice, sweet and rich

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Portugal.

Substitute - Madeira (imperfect substitute)

Lemon Wheel

lemon wheel

Type - Garnishes

Description - Typically, a wheel or wedge-shaped slice of lemon, or a strip of peel (twist) used as a garnish. 1/2 of a lemon with the fruit removed is known as a lemon shell, and is a notable garnish in drinks as well.

Also the basis for juice, extract, syrup, liqueur, and spirit used in drinks.

Flavor - lemon

Availability - Generally available.

Lime Wheel

lime wheel

Type - Garnishes

Description - Typically a wheel or wedge-shaped slice of lime, or a strip of lime peel (twist) used as a garnish. 1/2 of a lime with the fruit removed is known as a lime shell, and is a notable garnish in drinks such as the Moscow Mule.

Lime is also the basis for juice, syrup, liqueur, and spirit used in drinks.

Flavor - lime citrus

Availability - Generally available.

Orange Wheel

orange wheel

Type - Garnishes

Description - In cocktail use, a piece of orange, cut cross-wise as a wheel or lesser portion of a wheel, a twist of orange skin, or as a quarter-segment suitable for hand-squeezing over a drink or as a garnish.

Also the basis for juice, extract, syrup, liqueur, and spirit constituent forms used commonly in drinks.

Flavor - orange

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other citrus fruit

Abricotine

Abricotine

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Proprietary brand of French apricot flavored brandy liqueur, produced by the House of Garnier; considered, along with Marie Brizard's Apry, to be among the finest examples of liqueurs with this flavor.

Flavor - apricot

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom and Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other apricot-flavored brandy, other apricot liqueur

Absinthe

absinthe

Type - Bitters

Also known as - absinth, absynth

Description - Generic for distilled high proof spirit-based aperitif bitters flavored with anise & other herbs - containing wormwood. Used mainly in simple cocktails showcasing it, many more cocktails citing it were actually formulated for the use of absinthe substitutes like Herbsaint or post-1913 Pernod.

Absinthe bans were enacted in many countries in the 1912-1915 period due, in part, to the allegedly deleterious effects of the thujone-laden wormword, and in part to the indigence, and crime associated with the burgeoning consumption of alcohol as a result of the move from agrarian to industrial society and the urban blight associated therewith.

Absinthe enjoyed a (continuing) rebirth of popularity in the late 1990s largely founded upon its mythical taboo status. Many new brands of widely varying qualities and quality have appeared based on tenuous historical pretexts.

Flavor - bitter, anise and herbal

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Europe. Known to be distributed in France and Switzerland and parts of United Kingdom and Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Absente, Herbsaint, Pernod, Ricard, other pastis

Cherry Flavored Brandy

cherry flavored brandy

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for grape brandy-based liqueur with natural and/or artificial cherry flavoring. Noted examples (with natural flavoring) are Cherry Heering and Cherry Marnier.

Flavor - cherry

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other cherry liqueur

Crème De Cassis

crème de cassis

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for respected traditional liqueur, usually French, with black currant flavoring and either grape brandy or neutral spirit base. Notable in the Kir Royale.

Flavor - black currant

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe, North America and Oceania. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Chambord (imperfect substitute)

Framboise Liqueur

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for sweet French raspberry liqueur, not to be confused with framboise eau de vie. Care must be taken when preparing a recipe or calling for a drink to note WHICH version of Framboise is really called for, since often either one will be listed merely as "framboise".

Flavor - raspberry

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in France. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - Chambord, other raspberry liqueur

Midori

Midori

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Also known as - melon liqueur

Description - Proprietary Japanese melon-flavored liqueur with artificial color. Midori was created developed by Suntory of Japan in 1978 for the American market based on its earlier Hermes Melon Liqueur.

Following its rising popularity in the US, Suntory expanded its original Japanese Midori production with facilities in Mexico and France in the early 1980s.

Flavor - melon

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Japan. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other melon liqueur

Peach Liqueur

peach liqueur

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Also known as - peach cordial, creme de peche, liqueur de peche

Description - Generic for neutral spirit or brandy based liqueur with natural and/or artificial peach flavoring

Flavor - peach and sweet

Availability - Generally available. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - apricot liqueur

Sloe Gin

sloe gin

Type - Liqueurs, fruit-flavored

Description - Generic for liqueur with natural and/or artificial sloeberry flavoring, with either a grain neutral spirit base or (rarely, and mostly in history) a gin base. The sloeberry is another name for the blackthorn plum.

Flavor - berry, plum and sweet

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in England and United States. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other plum, prune, or berry liqueur

B & B

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - Benedictine & brandy

Description - Proprietary bottling of a 50/50 mixture of Benedictine & brandy over which whole Cognac distilleries are kept busy. While Benedictine, as such, has been around since the 16th century - and produced commercially since the 1860s - B&B; was first produced by popular demand in the 1930s.

Flavor - herbal

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - 1/2 Benedictine, 1/2 brandy

Benedictine

Benedictine

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Proprietary French multi-herbal liqueur, formerly monastic, which has been around since the 16th century - and produced commercially since the 1860s.

Quite popular in cocktails and other mixed drinks - especially 1940s and before. Its character is soft, warm, and complex. It mixes well.

Flavor - herbal and spice

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other multi-herbal liqueur like Chartreuse, Strega, Izarra, or combinations thereof. Imitations in some markets.

Galliano

Galliano

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Also known as - Liquore Galliano

Description - Proprietary yellow Italian liqueur flavored with herbs, flowers and spices, apparently including anise, licorice and vanilla. Notable in the Harvey Wallbanger and the Golden Cadillac.

Flavor - herbal

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy.

Substitute - domestic and international imitations in some markets, Roiano

Hercules

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Defunct proprietary British sweetened anis-flavored absinthe and/or substitute. Possibly wine-based.

Flavor - anise

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in England.

Substitute - other pastis

Amaretto

amaretto

Type - Liqueurs, nut or bean-flavored

Description - Generic for Italian almond flavored liqueur, now produced internationally. Notable brand example: Amaretto Di Saronno (which has now largely dropped the "amaretto" from its name, much as Cointreau dropped the term "triple sec" from its label 90 years ago - and for the same reason: too many competitors making amarettos and devaluing the liqueur Di Saronno made famous.)

Flavor - almond and peach pits

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy and United States. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - creme de Almond, creme de noyeau

Crème De Cacao

crème de cacao

Type - Liqueurs, nut or bean-flavored

Also known as - creme de cocoa

Description - Generic for liqueur with chocolate flavoring in light and dark varieties in a neutral spirits base.

Flavor - chocolate

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France and United States. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Crème De Noyeau

crème de noyeau

Type - Liqueurs, nut or bean-flavored

Also known as - creme de noyau, creme de noyeaux, creme de almond, noyeau

Description - Generic for a liqueur, originally French, with natural and/or artificial almond flavoring and depending on the brand, a neutral spirit or brandy base.

Flavor - almond, apricot pits and peach pits

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - amaretto

Boker's Bitters

Boker's bitters

Type - Bitters

Also known as - Bogart's Bitters

Description - Defunct proprietary New York-based digestive bitters brand of presumed cardamom character called for in 19th century cocktail guides as aromatic bitters.

No evidence of manufacture after Prohibition, or indeed after the advent of the 20th century. Bogart's Bitters is a corruption of Boker's Bitters

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in United States. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - other aromatic bitters

Plymouth Gin

Plymouth gin

Type - Neutral spirits

Description - Proprietary dry gin from Plymouth, England of different character than London Dry. Mild and pleasant. Available in different proofs. Particularly noted in the Pink Gin.

Flavor - juniper

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in England. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Tanqueray Malacca gin

Capillaire Syrup

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - capillaire, capillaire sirop, sirop de capillaire

Description - Generic syrup which historically was prepared from dried maidenhair fern, sugar, and orange flower water. Capillaire syrup was mainly seen in European drink recipes, but found its way into early 19th century compounders' guides in the U.S. as well, where it largely came to mean any simple syrup flavored with orange flower water or other orange (and occasionally lemon) flavoring.

Below is a formula for its preparation: Boil for 5 minutes: 1 qt. of water with two handsful of capillaire (dried maidenhair fern leaves). Cover, remove from heat and allow to infuse for 1 hour. Filter. Add 2-1/4 lbs of sugar and boil again for 10 minutes, then skim any foam off the syrup. Add 3 tsp of orange flower water and bottle.

Flavor - orange and sweet

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in France. No longer manufactured.

Cranberry Juice

cranberry juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic juice of a specific small acidic red berry, most noted as an ingredient of the Cosmopolitan.

Flavor - cranberry, tart, bitter and sweet

Availability - Generally available.

Ginger Ale

ginger ale

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for carbonated, sweetened nonalcoholic soda usually with mild, vaguely-ginger flavor, but at least one company, Blenheim's makes a brand spicier than most ginger beers. Highly recommended.

Flavor - ginger, mild and sparkling

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - ginger beer

Ginger Beer

ginger beer

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for carbonated, sweetened soda, generally a spicier more heavily ginger-flavored version of ginger ale; usually non-alcoholic, though some historical versions were, in fact, flavored, fermented, alcoholic beer.

Flavor - ginger and strong

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in England and United States.

Substitute - ginger ale (imperfect substitute)

Grapefruit Juice

grapefruit juice

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for fresh squeezed or canned grapefruit juice. Common in mixed drinks. Varieties offer different colors (yellow and pink) and differing degrees of the sweet/bitter/sour balance.

Flavor - grapefruit

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other citrus juice.

Sprig of Mint

sprig of mint

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic leaf of peppermint or spearmint, used interchangeably in cocktails and related drink forms since the early 19th century -- or earlier, as a garnish, flavoring, or in preparation form, as a mixer.

 Often specified as an unquantified "sprig" of mint, a sprig being a stem of mint with 3 or more mint leaves growing out of it. 

Suffice to say 6 to 8 LEAVES of mint is appropriate for most drinks calling for mint sprigs or leaves (such as Juleps & Mojitos) - but otherwise lacking a listed quantity. Also used as garnish.

Flavor - mint, peppermint and spearmint

Availability - Generally available.

Vanilla Extract

vanilla extract

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic extract of the vanilla bean bottled as a preparation with alcohol and used as a flavoring in individual drinks, punches, bottled liqueurs, and spirits such as some rums.

Flavor - vanilla

Availability - Generally available. Available for on-line ordering in some markets

Water

water

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - Still water, branch water, spring water

Description - Generic for plain water used as a diluting agent in various mixed drinks, sometimes as the sole mixer. Historically American whiskey is often requested with water using a euphemism such as Bourbon & spring water," "Bourbon & branch water," or simply "Bourbon & branch".

Branch is a term for an underground tributary of water. Water is a constituent in all potable alcohol, be it whiskey, vodka, brandy, rum, gin, or liqueurs. As an additive to classic mixed drinks it was used in the original forms of the cocktail, the sling, the fizz, the swizzle, the julep, punch, and many, many others.

Flavor - flavorless

Availability - Generally available

Dark Rum

dark rum

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Generic for aged, dark/heavy-bodied, strong-flavored sugarcane spirit of various styles from various countries.

Flavor - rum and strong

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other dark rum

Raicilla

Type - Agave-based spirits

Description - Generic for Mexican spirit produced in western Jalisco from agave cactus. Traditionally, raicilla was the name given to illegally-distilled Mescal "moonshine." Like moonshine, quality varies, but the best of the product is smooth, high proof, and in raicilla's case so smoky that it can be said with minimum hyperbole that it makes Laphroig Scotch taste like tap water by comparison.

The market for raicilla proved so popular, a legal version is now produced. This is, perhaps, ironic in that the name itself (meaning "root") was coined to escape ready detection by the authorities. Though the product is mainly consumed alone, it is also combine with juices and sodas. Its use in cocktails is, as yet, unheard-of.

Flavor - smokey and agave

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Mexico. Known to be distributed in Mexico. Rarely exported.

Substitute - other agave spirit

Raspberry Flavored Vodka

Type - Neutral spirits

Description - Proprietary brand of Russian vodka infused with real raspberry flavor and produced by the first company to introduce a line of single fruit flavored vodkas in the U.S., (though they were preceded by various single bottlings of flavored vodka such as Jarzebiak and zubrowka.)

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other raspberry-flavored vodka

Cherry Brandy

cherry brandy

Type - Brandy, unaged

Also known as - dry cherry brandy, cherry eau de vie

Description - Generic for unsweetened, unaged cherry eau de vie (such as kirsch), though the term, as cited in the vast majority of older drink recipe texts, most often (mistakenly) refers to Cherry flavored brandy *liqueur* - and conversely, the grape-based liqueur is sometimes mistakenly substituted for the correctly cited eau de vie in other drink recipes.

More often, the once geographically-specific terms "kirsch" or "kirschwasser" are (and were) used to indicate the distillate of cherries - rather than the liqueur, as was the term "dry cherry brandy".

Flavor - cherry and dry

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France, Germany and United States. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other fruit eau de vie

Almond

almond

Type - Garnishes

Description - Generic for what is, garnish-wise, typically an unshelled sliced almond - generally scattered atop the surface of the drink. Used in both cold & hot drinks - notably, Glogg. Also used as a drink additive for its flavoring in extract, syrup & liqueur forms

Flavor - almond

Availability - Generally available. Distributed world-wide.

Substitute - other nut, to taste

Cherry

cherry

Type - Garnishes

Description - As a garnish, commercially produced, brightly-colored, dyed (red or green) and artificially flavored pitted cherries preserved in sugar syrup; no relation but for sharing the name (and name only) of Maraschino liqueur.

Flavor - sweet, flavorless and cherry

Availability - Generally available.

Demerara Rum

Demerara rum

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Generic for dark rums from the South American country of Guyana in various proofs. Lemonhart is a notable brand. 151 proof Demerara rum is particuarly important since it is the only 151 proof rum recommended for any purpose by the Internet Cocktail Database.

Flavor - rum and strong

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Guyana.

Substitute - other dark rum

White Rum

white-rum

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Generic for Cuban-style filtered, light-bodied and flavored sugarcane spirit

Flavor - rum and light

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other light/white rum

Bourbon

Bourbon

Type - Whiskies

Description - Generic for U.S. single-malt whiskey distilled from predominately corn mash with wheat or rye grains. Popular in all manner of mixed drinks 19th century-present.

Flavor - grain, tannin and oak

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in parts of North America and Asia. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - rye whiskey

Byrrh

Byrrh

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Proprietary classic French red quinquina, not unlike Dubonnet Rouge, which is rarely found.

Availability - Rare. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - Red Dubonnet, Red Lillet or other red quinquina

Caperitif

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Defunct proprietary South African sweet deep golden quinquina from Capetown - along the lines of Lillet blanc.

Flavor - herbal, wine and spice

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in South Africa. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - Dubonnet (blonde), Lillet Blanc, etc.

Cinzano Vermouth

Cinzano vermouth

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Proprietary respected brand of (traditionally red sweet) vermouth, now including dry vermouth, sweet vermouth and bianco vermouth varieties. First specified for cocktail use in the 1870s.

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other vermouth of the specified style

Punt e Mes

Punt e Mes

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Proprietary Italian quinquina produced by the house of Carpano, also a producer of excellent quality sweet vermouths.

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy.

Substitute - Raphael or other quinquina

Kola Tonic

kola tonic

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic sweet non-alcoholic South African syrup of the kola nut, and spices. Similar to cola syrup. The perceived value is the Kola nut which imparted the unstated uplifting effects of caffeine.

Flavor - kola nut and spices

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in South Africa. Known to be distributed in parts of Africa and Oceania. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - Cola syrup

Egg White

egg white

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Use of raw egg in beverages long predates the creations of cocktails & related drink forms themselves, and was a valued ingredient from their onset.

Usually used for the emulsifying consistency and foaminess it imparts, it is often subdivided into its yolk & white parts as separate cocktail constituents, the egg white being the more common ingredient. In classic cocktail terminology, "golden" appended to the name of a cocktail (as in "Golden Bronx") often indicates the additional presence of egg yolk; "silver" (as in "Silver Bronx") requests the additional presence of egg white in recipes otherwise without egg.

When either "half a yolk" or "half an egg white" are specified, simply prepare two portions (2 drinks) instead of one - since division of single yolks or whites is problematic. Insofar as egg whites in particular were mainly used as frothing agents, artificial eggless frothing agents have also been developed, though they are not recommended.

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other frothing agent

Egg Yolk

egg yolk

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Use of raw egg in beverages long predates the creations of cocktails & related drink forms themselves, and was a valued ingredient from their onset.

Usually used for the emulsifying consistency and foaminess it imparts, it is often subdivided into its yolk & white parts as separate cocktail constituents, the egg yolk being the less common ingredient. In classic cocktail terminology, "golden" appended to the name of a cocktail (as in "Golden Bronx") often indicates the additional presence of egg yolk; "silver" (as in "Silver Bronx") requests the additional presence of egg white in recipes otherwise without egg.

When either "half a yolk" or "half an egg white" are specified, simply prepare two portions (2 drinks) instead of one - since division of single yolks or whites is problematic. Egg yolks are mainly used as emulsifying agents to impart a "noggy" character to a drink.

Availability - Generally available.

Substitute - other viscosity enhancer

Apple Brandy

apple brandy

Type - Brandy, aged

Description - Generic for the aged distillate of fermented apple cider from any of several countries including France, the United States, or Germany. Notable examples include Calvados and applejack.

Flavor - apple and brandy

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in United States, France and Germany. Known to be distributed in parts of Europe and North America. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other brandy

Dagger Rum

Dagger Rum

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Defunct proprietary rum once produced by Wray & Nephew in various age-increments (1 Dagger, 2 Dagger, 3 Dagger) all of which were dark Jamaican rum. No evidence remains of their production after the 1950s. Popular in cocktails.

Flavor - rum, rich and strong

Availability - Generally available. Produced in Jamaica. No longer manufactured.

Substitute - other dark Jamaican rum

Apricot Syrup

apricot syrup

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Description - Generic for non-alcoholic syrup of either real or artificial apricot flavoring and sweetening. As of yet, rarely used in cocktails, though excellent in them. A notable brand is Knott's Berry Farm Apricot Syrup.

Flavor - apricot

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in parts of North America. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other fruit syrup, apricot liqueur

Pimm's Cup #4

Type - Bottled cocktails

Description - Defunct proprietary British bottled spiced rum sling cocktail to which one need only add a mixer, such as soda water, ginger ale, ginger beer, or 7-Up in a tall glass with ice.

Flavor - rum sling

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in England.

Substitute - self-produced sling - see recipes

Sambuca

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored

Description - Generic for a very sweet-yet-piquant clear Italian liqueur flavored with anise, licorice root and an infusion with elderberry in a neutral spirit base.

Sambucca is similar to Anisette but with a higher alcohol content. The term Sambuca usually refers to the transparent version, although other versions exist such as black sambuca.

The liqueur is prepared by the steam distillation of star aniseeds. The resulting fragrant essential oil is infused with neutral spirits, witch elder berries and licorice.

Other natural flavors and sweetening are added. The origin of the name Sambuca is believed to be Arabian, likely an Italian version of Zammut, - the anise-based drink that first came to the Italian harbors on ships coming from the Far East centuries ago.

Residents of Civitavecchia, a port city near Rome, already produced the anise-based liqueur and perhaps renamed it "Sambuca" for trading convenience; Civitavecchians still produce it in large quantities today.

While popular in mixed drinks, the common and traditional manner of comsumption is straight, with coffee beans -- two or more depending on the locale. There are a number of respected sambuca brands on the Italian market.

These include Sambuca Borghetti and Sambuca Ramazzotti. With 87% global market share, Sambuca Molinari is the overall market leader, though Sambuca Romano is the most popular in the United States.

Flavor - licorice and elderberry

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Italy. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other anis-flavored liqueur

Hock Wine

Type - Wines used in mixed drinks

Description - Generic for historically somewhat delicately sweet German wine the name of which is a contraction and transliteration for "Hochheimer" meaning from Hochheim, the town around which hock wine was traditionally made.

It is considered a variety of Rhine wine, as is bottled in long-necked bottles with gracefully-sloping shoulders. While there are exceptions, it is almost always a white wine.

As the popularity of this wine variety grew, other geographic regions also used the term for their similarly-styled wines. Today the name is infrequently used and is virtually synonymous with "Rhine" or "Riesling" as a term for wine without further pedigree from the Rhine region.

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Germany. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other sweeter white wine

Caroni Bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Defunct proprietary aromatic bitters called for in cocktail recipe guides of the 19th century period. Produced by the Von Glahn Brothers of New York, production of this brand began in 1891 and ended before Prohibition.

Flavor - herbal

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in United States. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - other aromatic bitters

Slivovitz

Type - Brandy, unaged

Description - Generic for specific Hungarian, Romanian, Serbian, Montenegrin, and other Eastern European varieties of unsweetened, unaged plum eau de vie.

Flavor - plum

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Serbia and Montenegro and Eastern Europe. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other plum eau de vie

Passion Fruit Syrup

Type - Non-alcoholic additives, juices & mixers

Also known as - Passionola (defunct early brand)

Description - Generic for sweetened, passion fruit-derived syrup in several colors, not affecting the flavor. Used almost exclusively in tropical punch-like drinks.

Flavor - passion fruit

Availability - Limited availability. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other passion fruit syrup

Habanero

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Defunct generic bottled spirit containing aged either fermented sugarcane juice or rum & either sweet Muscat wine or sweet brandy - most often of Mexican manufacture. The name, unlike that of the accented pepper, means "citizen of Havana." Produced by several companies, and popular with the North-of-the-Border Hollywood-elite crowd of the 1940s in their South-of-the-Border forays.

Flavor - rum, wine and sweet

Availability - Unavailable. Produced in Cuba and Mexico. No longer manufactured. Company defunct.

Substitute - self-produced mixture of medium to light bodied rum, muscat wine and/or a sweet brandy (or brandy specialty like Metaxa)

Tarkhuna

Type - Neutral spirits

Description - Proprietary vodka-type spirit flavored with tarkhuna (tarragon) grass.

Flavor - tarragon

Availability - Limited availability. Produced in Russia. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Regional.

Substitute - other herb-infused vodka

Framboise Eau De Vie

Type - Brandy, unaged

Also known as - framboise, raspberry brandy

Description - Generic traditionally for unsweetened, unaged French raspberry eau de vie, but having come to refer to raspberry eaux de vie from other places as well.

Flavor - raspberry

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in France. Known to be distributed in parts of United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - himbeergeist

Stoughton Bitters

Stoughton-bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Defunct stomach bitters called for in 19th century cocktail guides which apparently never saw the 20th century. Likely, along with Hostetter's Bitters one of the first herbal bitters ever specified for cocktail use.

Availability - Unavailable. Produced and sold in United States.

Substitute - other aperitif/digestif bitters

Jeremiah Weed

Jeremiah-Weed

Type - Liqueurs, spirit-flavored

Description  - Proprietary American liqueur with a Bourbon base and flavor.

Flavor - Bourbon whiskey

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in United States. Known to be distributed in United States and parts of North America. Export and/or distribution unreliable. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other whiskey-flavored liqueur, or bourbon and simple syrup

Underberg Bitters

Underberg-bitters

Type - Bitters

Description - Proprietary German spirit-based beverage/digestive bitters

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Germany. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - other aperitif/digestif bitters

Canton Ginger

Canton-Ginger

Type - Liqueurs, herbal or spice-flavored
Description -
Proprietary highly-rated brandy-based ginger-flavored liqueur made in the Guangdong Province of China. Purportedly based on a centuries old Cantonese recipe, besides ginger it contains ginseng, other herbs, and is swwetened with honey. A product of Charles Jacquin et Cie of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Flavor -
ginger
Availability -
Limited availability. Produced and sold in China. Export and/or distribution unreliable.
Substitute -
other ginger-flavored brandy liqueur, other ginger liqueur

Rumona

Rumona

Type - Liqueurs, spirit-flavored

Also known as - Rumona

Description - Proprietary rum flavored/based liqueur tending toward the Swedish Punsch variety, but lighter with more vanilla character. Produced by Wray & Nephew, Jamaica.

Flavor - rum, vanilla, smokey, sweet and light

Availability - Limited availability. Produced and sold in Jamaica. Rarely exported. Regional.

Substitute - swedish punsch

Tequila Reposado

Tequila-reposado

Type - Agave-based spirits

Description - Generic for distilled agave spirit from Jalisco, Mexico of 100% blue agave cactus and aged 60 days to a year. All Tequilas are Mezcal, but not all Mezcals are Tequila.

Flavor - smokey and agave

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Mexico. Known to be distributed in parts of North America and South America. Regional. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other Tequila

Bacardi White Rum

Bacardi-white-rum

Type - Sugar cane & molasses-based spirits

Description - Proprietary proto-Cuban-style light rum (pre-1959 Bacardi is mostly Cuban; post-1959 Bacardi is made elsewhere -mainly Puerto Rico- and its flavor is markedly different.)

Flavor - rum

Availability - Generally available. Produced and sold in Puerto Rico. Distributed world-wide. Available for on-line ordering in some markets.

Substitute - other light rum

The Verdict

Are you surprised by the variety of mixed drink ingredients available for cocktails? Well, if you’re a cocktail enthusiast, this should not surprise you. Cocktails are about blending different liquids, ingredients to achieve that desired taste. From cherry, bitter, sweet, orange to flavorless, you can always find your preferred flavor on this list.

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